Coronary artery disease is the result of plaque buildup in the arteries that supply blood to your heart. Over time, the blood vessels become more narrowed restricting blood flow. When blockages are mild, most people show no signs or symptoms. As the blood vessel becomes more narrowed, this can result in chest pain and eventually a heart attack. Some people, such as diabetics won't necessarily feel the symptoms of chest pain and can have silent heart attacks.
When disease is mild or only restricted to one or two coronary arteries, often this is treated with just medication and/or stenting. If all three major coronary arteries contain significant disease, patients are often referred to a cardiac surgeon for open heart surgery to bypass all three major vessels.
Decisions for medical management, stenting, or surgery are made based on a team-approach in conjunction with your surgeon, cardiologist, and primary care physician.
Jonathan D. Hoffberger, DO, FACOS
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Cardiothoracic Surgery - Minimally Invasive Valve Surgery - Mitral Valve Repair